A numerical study on the role of cross-shore profile shape on wave run-up (EGU poster)
After counting my experience in the EGU General Assembly, I leave you one of my two posters presented two days ago at this conference in the session “Oceanography at coastal scales. Modelling, coupling and observations “. This poster summarizes the results of my master thesis. Enjoy it!
Wave runup is a fundamental process in shaping the beachface and in causing dune and beach erosion. It is also a critical parameter to predict coastal hazards since extreme runup may generate overtopping of coastal structures and flooding of coastal region. Research has related runup to wave parameters and beach slope. However, morphological characteristic of the cross-shore profile have not been taken into account in detail. Natural beaches usually present cross-shore profiles characterized by the presence of sandbars. The strong dependence between wave breaking and water depth implies that the presence of sand bars, specifically their cross-shore position and shape, can determine the characteristics of wave breaking and therefore of runup elevation.
We simulate swash motions on different single-barred beach profiles using SWASH, a one-dimensional nonlinear shallow water equations model. Fifteen bathymetries are defined varying different geometric variables of a barred beach profile: the depth of the bar crest, the cross-shore position of the bar crest, the depth of the bar trough, the beach-face slope, the slope offshore of the sandbar and tidal level. A wave generation algorithm able the reproduce the incoming primary wave field in conjunction with super-harmonics and sub-harmonic induced by nonlinear interactions forces the numerical simulations.
Runup elevation over different barred beach profiles suggests a strong dependence with sandbar shape and position. Our results show a strong influence of crest and trough depths on runup elevation, especially for the most energetic cases. For shallower bar crests, the largest waves break over the bar dissipating more energy and resulting in smaller runup elevations. A shallower bar trough dissipates more energy for broken or unbroken waves, causing smaller runup in all wave cases. A comparison between the runup over barred beach configurations and over a uniform slope beach with similar features shows that the overly simplifying the shape of the cross-shore beach profile (i.e. using a linear slope) may induce an overestimation of runup elevation of the order of 35 to 50%.